W.E.B. Du Bois and Booker T. Washington
Have students surmise the meaning of the metaphor. Is it intended to apply to economic affairs? Later in the speech Washington applies the same metaphor to the Whites of the South. How does he see this metaphor applying to both races? Note the juxtaposition between earning a dollar in a factory and spending it in an opera house. This hints at core distinctions between Booker T. Du Bois and provides a nice segue to move into the speech of the other.
Invite students to consider what Washington does not emphasize and why his speech is called Atlanta Compromise. At the conclusion of the discussion students should be given the full text of the Atlanta Compromise Speech and spend the rest of the period in silent reading. Students should be given a copy of the abridged speech. The following quotes will be discussed:.
Booker T. Washington Becomes an Acclaimed Spokesman for Black America
The Negro race, like all races, is going to be saved by its exceptional men. The problem of education, then, among Negroes must first of all deal with the Talented Tenth; it is the problem of developing the Best of this race that they may guide the Mass away from the contamination and death of the Worst, in their own and other races. A saving remnant continually survives and persists, continually aspires, continually shows itself in thrift and ability and character. Exceptional it is to be sure, but this is its chiefest promise; it shows the capability of Negro blood, the promise of black men.
From the very first it has been the educated and intelligent of the Negro people that have led and elevated the mass. What five synonyms does he use? What does he see as the role of the Talented Tenth? We see that Du Bois uses names of extraordinary men and women, who provided leadership in the dark days of slavery.
How do examples help to define the Talented Tenth and make the argument? He continues, with a longer list of exceptional Freedmen and Former Slaves. Are the names familiar to you? Using the full text is an option, and students who work with the full version may also benefit from going outside the close textual analysis to find some biographical information on these leaders.
Booker T. Washington & W.E.B. DuBois on Black Progress (1895, 1903)
If this be true—and who can deny it—three tasks lay before me; first to show from the past that the Talented Tenth as they have risen among American Negroes have been worthy of leadership; secondly to show how these men may be educated and developed; and thirdly to show their relation to the Negro problem. Rather than point out this quote, ask students to find the statement that lays out the organizational structure of the essay. Then have them rephrase it: what does he intend to do in this essay? Men of America, the problem is plain before you.
Here is a race transplanted through the criminal foolishness of your fathers. Whether you like it or not the millions are here, and here they will remain. Of course they are the rule, [the Negro masses—which the counter-argument would state—are mired in death, disease and crime] because a silly nation made them the rule: Because for three long centuries this people lynched Negroes who dared to be brave, raped black women who dared to be virtuous, crushed dark-hued youth who dared to be ambitious, and encouraged and made to flourish servility and lewdness and apathy.
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Once textual analysis of these speeches has been modeled and key concepts introduced, students are ready to embark on their own analysis of the text. I chose to argue Booker T. In addition to this, I connected the topic to current times. This was the most interesting part of writing the paper for me because I thought it was fascinating how racial inequality continues today, even though it is less noticeable. Learning about the differences between races today made me more socially aware.
There are differences between level of education and income of people of different races although it is not seen noticeably today as before. Through this assignment, I learned about the different views of African Americans who sought change after the Civil War. Before writing this essay, I wrongly thought all African Americans believed in protestation to acquire rights and privileges. I thought this because the majority of information I learned about that related to equal rights was about the Civil Rights movement and how that changed the lives of African Americans.
I also learned that in order to write effective papers, I have to fully understand what I am talking about.
Essay on Comparing W.E.B. DuBois and Booker T. Washington | Bartleby
This assignment taught me that I can write good papers if I know enough about the subject to form an opinion. It is also easier for me to write when I am interested in the subject, and I learned that researching a subject makes me more involved in it. Now that I know this, I can research more school subjects so I can become more immersed in my work and put everything I have into it.
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