Without denying that we should worry about the contingency of much that we take for granted, he defends truth as an intellectual objective and a cultural value. He identifies two basic virtues of truth, Accuracy and Sincerity, the first of which aims at finding out the truth and the second at telling it. He describes different psychological and social forms that these virtues have taken and asks what ideas can make best sense of them today. Truth and Truthfulness presents a powerful challenge to the fashionable belief that truth has no value, but equally to the traditional faith that its value guarantees itself.
Bernard Williams shows us that when we lose a sense of the value of truth, we lose a lot both politically and personally, and may well lose everything.
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Verified Purchase. Published in , this was to be Bernard Williams's last book.
The concept of Truth has had a rough time since Rorty and company have done their best to bring it in discredit. The dominant trend has been to question the validity of any universal truth and to render everything relative. Your truth is as good as mine. Or alternatively, since truth is not obtainable one should rather seek what is workable. We speak of a giraffe "because it suits our purposes to do so," as Rorty says in Philosophy and Social Hope. We construct the world around us according to our needs and wishes.
Knowledge and truth are no more than subjective features of our daily lives. Anything goes This is, or rather was, the fashionable tenor in academia. Since the first decennium of this century, voices have been raised against this view and in defence of a more commonsensical understanding of truth and truthfulness. Consequently, Williams doesn't believe there is such a thing as a history of the concept of truth.
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It has always and everywhere been the same. Williams traces his genealogy with Nietzsche as guiding-star. Contrary to received knowledge, Nietzsche was no enemy of truth; "there are facts to be respected" and "there are such truths" p. Williams himself stresses the double-edged character of the Enlightenment's relation to truth. While he acknowledges the potentially destructive capacities of the Enlightenment, he nevertheless cherishes its concern for transparency and truthfulness p.
Accuracy and sincerity are two key concepts in his pursuit of the virtues of truth.
There is also a useful five-page bibliography. The only dissonance is indeed the presence of untranslated Greek quotations in the Endnote, leaving ordinary mortals out of the picture. Williams has written an imaginative, ingenious book that calls for philosophers to transcend their self-imposed limits and to give full attention to the complexities of the ethical life.
Who Needs an Author? In his new book Author Unknown: The Power of Anonymity in Ancient Rome , classicist Tom Geue asks us to work with anonymity rather than against it and to appreciate the continuing power of anonymity in our own time.soilstones.com/wp-content/2020-02-12/4611.php
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Here, he discusses the history—and strength—of anonymous works of literature. Richar …. I demonstrate that these accounts can explain the relationship between an insurance payout and the external view, and they can explain the agent-relativity of agent-regret. Thanks to Cecily Whiteley for a helpful discussion of Nagel. Thanks to Hannah Davis for talking through many of the ideas in this essay.
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Log in. Aa Aa. Check if you have access via personal or institutional login. Log in Register. Wojtowicz kcl. Export citation Request permission. Footnotes Hide All All. References Hide All. Baron , Marcia. Midwest Studies in Philosophy , 13 , — Dan-Cohen , Meir.